Was St. Nicholas Real?
Q: I’m doing a study on the Feast of St. Nicholas. Books say Nicholas died in 342 A.D., but they don’t say when he became a saint. They also say that, while many miracles were performed, they were not recognized by the Catholic Church and he was dropped from the Roman liturgical calendar in 1969. Why?
A: St. Nicholas of Myra lived and acquired his reputation for sanctity long before the Church began its formal process of beatification. He became recognized as a saint by a kind of popular acceptance.
Historians and hagiographers generally write that much of what is said about Nicholas is legend. Again, remember that at Nicholas’s time there were no investigation and authentication of claimed miracles before canonization took place. Attributing miracles and wonders to a person was an ancient way of expressing people’s conviction about the holiness of the person.
You will still find Nicholas listed in the various dictionaries of saints, for example, Dictionary of Saints, by John Delaney (Doubleday). And you will still find Nicholas listed in the Roman Calendar on December 6. There he is assigned an optional memorial. In other words, churches and communities on that day may choose to celebrate either the liturgy in honor of St. Nicholas or the liturgy for a weekday in Advent.
The December volume of the new 12-volume set of Butler’s Lives of the Saints has not been published yet, but when it is, I’m sure you will want to consult it.