Croatia

Sveti Nikola
Sveti Nikola
Photo: Croatian Information Centre Permission pending
St Nicholas Chocolates
A Croatian boat captain gives chocolates to navigation officers on St. Nicholas Day

In northern and central Croatia, St. Nicholas (Sveti Nikola) brings gifts to children on his feast day, December 6th. It is the main day for gift-giving. Even though Christian holidays were out of favor under Communist rule, many families still celebrated privately.

On the eve of St. Nicholas Day, children polish their boots until they gleam before placing them on a windowsill to wait for the good saint. St. Nicholas fills good children’s shoes with candy, fruit, dried fruit and gifts. Krampus, who comes along with the saint, leaves golden twigs for naughty children—the worse the behavior, the larger the twig. Every child gets a sweets and a twig as a warning, for they’ve each been both good and naughty.

The sea is important to Croatia, with its long coastline with many ports and islands. As such, fishing, shipping and ship building are important aspects of life in Croatia. As patron saint of sailors and fishermen, St. Nicholas icons are often placed on Croatian ships and boats.

The fishing village of Komiza, on the island of Vis, honors St. Nicholas as the patron saint of sailors, fishermen and travelers. When a boat at sea is in line with the Church of St. Nicholas, sailors doff their hats, greet the saint, and pray, “Saint Nicholas help us with our voyage and fishing.”

As part of St. Nicholas feast day, the saint’s statue is taken out in procession and an old boat is burned as an offering, a symbol of thanks and gratitude, to invoke St. Nicholas’ protection in the next year. The villagers ask Nicholas to give his blessing to their bay, fishing tools, and new boats. Visitors come from miles around for the spectacle. The festive Thanksgiving Mass is followed by a procession.

Burning boat
Boat burning in front of the St. Nicholas Church, Komiza, Croatia
Photo: National Geographic
St Nicholas statue
Statue at the harbor, Baska Voda
Photo: Kulturni Turizam

In Baska Voda, built as a village of fishermen and sailors, people gather at the harbor statue of St. Nicholas on his feast day to ask the saint’s protection for fishermen and sailors in the coming year.

In Stari Grad on Hvar, Sv. Nikola makes his rounds fully vested as a bishop. Every year on St. Nicholas Eve, an old boat is burned in the flames of a great bonfire. The festivities include a children’s Mass. At the end of the Mass, adults go up into the choir loft and throw apples down to the children. It does make a bit of a mess as some of the apples are smashed on the floor!

St Nicholas Day-An Animation by Thomas Fraser from CITSEE TV on Vimeo.

Sveti Nikola
From Ustaška Uzdanica, Nikolinski Broj (1941-45)
St. Nicholas Center Collection

In another section

St. Nicholas Monuments in Croatia 
Statues and images in public places

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