Postcard sent to children by Belgian Post Office
Postcard sent to children by Belgian Post Office St Nicholas Center Collection

In Dutch-speaking Flanders, colorful parades greet St. Nicholas with bands and banners picturing the saint. He and his Zwarte Piet assistants come in November, or early December, by boat, train, or on horseback to get ready for his feast day, the 6th of December. The Sinterklaas season is mainly a children's festival because December 6th is a special day for children, rather than whole families as in the Netherlands. St. Nicholas visits Flemish children more than once. He visits in schools, sports clubs and homes, asking children if they have done their best in the past year. He checks in his big book to see if they are telling the truth. In shops and department stores, St Nicholas sits on a throne and children queue to greet him and receive a small gift. St. Nicholas also makes appearances at the special St. Nicholas circuses that are popular in Belgium. Saint Nicholas churches often collect toys and gifts for the needy at special services honoring the saint.

The Belgian postal service, bpost, has had a long tradition of responding to children's letters to St. Nicholas. In 2016, for the first time, 2,200 red mail boxes were distributed across the country. Decorated with a miter and beard, they remind children and parents to send their letters or drawings to Saint Nicholas. The 30 workers at the Saint Nicholas Secretariat processes over 10,000 a day. Each child will receive a note and small surprise from St. Nicholas by December 6th if the letter was received by November 29th. The number was up 40% over 2015 and over 300,000 were received in 2018. The address is Saint- Nicolas, Rue du Paradis 1, 0612 Ciel, for French, or Sinterklaas, Spanjestraat 1, 0612 Hemel, for Dutch. Letters do not need stamps and may be sent in any mailbox, not just the special boxes; they must have the sender's address clearly written on the back to ensure receipt of a reply. The total has increased to around 350,000 and replies are still sent even if the letter comes after November 29.

St Nicholas Post Boxes
Special Saint Nicolas post boxes, introduced in 2016
Photo: HLN.BE
St Nicholas Post Boxes
Special Saint Nicolas post box
Photo: BPost
Elisabeth Brussels shop window
Shop Window
Elisabeth Chocolatier, Brussels
Photo: C Myers, St Nicholas Center
Chocolate Saints in Window Display
St Nicolas in window
Elisabeth Chocolatier, Brussels
Photo: C Myers, St Nicholas Center
Chocolate Saint Nicholases
Saints for Sale
Elisabeth Chocolatier, Brussels
Photo: C Myers, St Nicholas Center

On St. Nicholas' Eve, December 5th, or the weekend before, children put their shoes or small baskets at the hearth or beside the door with hay, water, carrots or turnips, and a sugar lump for the saint's horse and a glass of wine for the saint. There may also be a picture they've drawn (or a list) showing what they would like. They believe St. Nicholas rides on horseback over the rooftops, dropping his gifts down the chimneys. In the morning shoes have been filled with chocolates, spiced speculoos cookies shaped like the saint and Piet, oranges, marzipan, and toys. In the spirit of St. Nicholas, treats are meant to be shared, not hoarded. Bad children, of which there are none, would find twigs. Since the sixties such negative and frightening aspects have faded away in Flanders.

Planete Chocolat window display
Shop Window
Planéte Chocolat, Brussels
Photo: C Myers, St Nicholas Center
Saint Nicolas Head
Shop Decoration
Planéte Chocolat, Brussels
Photo: C Myers, St Nicholas Center
Sint Kinder Eggs
St. Nicholas Kinder Eggs
Window display in Brussels
Photo: C Myers, St Nicholas Center

In the East Flanders town of Sint-Niklaas, the saint brings his treats the weekend before the 6th of December. The following Monday is an elementary school holiday which gives children a three-day-weekend to play with their new toys. This tradition grew out of the annual fair, held in the market square the week before December 6.

St. Nicholas also visits places of business, even some very large ones. He encourages employees to be considerate of one another, gives everyone candy, and carries bad employees off in his sack! The workers all get gifts to take home to their children, or the children may choose to give the gifts to someone more needy.

In French-speaking Wallonia St Nicolas comes, as well, where he is often accompanied by a donkey and Père Fouettard, as in France. Some places celebrate similarly to that in Germany. Everywhere in Belgium speculoos shaped like the saint is very popular.

The biggest picture ever of St. Nicholas was put together by Belgian toy specialist DreamLand in 2016. Hundreds of kids colored pictures digitally through their website. The colored pictures were assembled into a giant collage 8 metres wide and 6 metres high. This giant mural was presented to St. Nicholas on the 27th of November during one of the VTMKZOOM St. Nicholas Weekends in Plopsaland De Panne. Children who colored the pictures also received a large coloring poster picture almost 1 metre wide to color at home and hang up to welcome St. Nicholas.

St Nicholas with giant drawing
Close-ups showing pictures that form the collage:

Students at the University of Liège have their own tradition, known as La Saint-Nicolas des étudiants. Beginning a week or so before the first Monday in December, students, especially medical, veterinary, and engineering, don their white lab coats (no longer very white, never-laundered, and covered with marker-made designs and wordsand go about the city accosting drivers at red lights, holding out their beer mugs for coins to pay for beer on the designated day. Around noon on December 6 one to two thousand students gather in front of the main downtown university building to begin their "parade" through the town. After several hours of marching and singing they head back for a late afternoon of music and quantities of beer. Later still the students take over the Carré, Liège's pub neighborhood, and the partying goes on into the wee morning hours. This has been going on since the early 1900s, with the "parade" beginning in 1928, solicitation of coins in the 1950s, and the musical afternoon in 1984. This tradition is also observed in Verviers.

Liegè students cortège
A 2017 survey showed that Belgian families spend an average of 150 euros for St. Nicolas, about €50 per child (younger ones do get less and older, more). Favorite gifts include board games, construction toys, and craft materials. 94% of parents with children up to twelve years old give St. Nicolas gifts, with 80% relying on the special St. Nicolas retailer leaflets for gift ideas. 92% of children use these leaflets to make their wish lists; 60% even cut out the pictures to put on their lists. It isn't just parents, as grandparents, godparents and others also give St Nicolas gifts—in all 50% of Belgian adults take part in this popular holiday. 
St. Nicholas, The Children's Friend: A Belgian Tradition for December 6
A story from Belgium by Ade Bethune
Brussels Special Speculoos Shop: Biscuiterie Dandoy
Let's face it: Blackface won't be a priority in Belgium
One perspective
Saint Nicolas: the other Father Christmas
Hegré, the author of Tintin, illustrates Saint Nicolas

More in other sections

Saintly and Generous: Saint Nicholas and the Low Countries
How Sinterklaas traditions developed
Flemish Sinterklaas Influence in "Nieuw Nederland"?
Not everyone in the Dutch colonies was Dutch
St. Nicholas Monuments in Belgium 
Statues and images in public places
Rescuing St. Nicholas from Santa Claus in Belgium

  • "The cost of presents from Saint Nicholas (Santa Claus) amount to an average of €150 per family in Belgium," by Christopher Vincent, The Brussels Times, November 23, 2017
  • "Here is the address for children to write to Saint Nicholas," The Brussels Times, November 11, 2020

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